A brief view of gymnastics in Ecuador
Rosa López de D’Amico

http://www.efdeportes.com/ Revista Digital - Buenos Aires - Año 8 - N° 48 - Mayo de 2002

2 / 2

    The organisation and management is heavily dependant on volunteers and that makes it hard to dedicate enough time to the sport; all the members of the Executive Director are volunteers. Coaches most often are physical education teachers and ex-gymnasts, most of them are volunteers as well. The Federation has to depend occasionally on some coaches hired by the provincial federations in order to train the national team. The economic limitations are very hard but nevertheless they have been struggling for several years to keep going, developing the sport and be present in the international arena. The technical demands of the sport are higher as the years pass and that contributes to creating a bigger gap between developing countries in the world and the more powerful ones (e.g. Heinilä, 1989). This is an issue that has to be considered by the International Gymnastics Federation (López de D’Amico & O’Brien, 2000). In spite of their limitations, the Ecuador Gymnastics Federation has been present at international activities organised by FIG, e.g., international judges courses, courses and conventions, etc, in many cases thanks to individual’s efforts.

    The federation needs more funding from the government in order to develop their plans. It is also relevant to indicate that other parallel programs could be developed, e.g., coaches education scheme. There is a great will and love for gymnastics among the people who participated in the research. With more support this organisation could develop this sport in the country and participate with better results in the international arena.


    The author appreciates the effort made by the Federación Ecuatoriana de Gimnasia for their cooperation and especially Lic. Ivan Flor (President of FEG) who supported this research and provided the contacts. My sincerest appreciation to the participants who shared their opinions and were able to be contacted on several occasions.


  • Barrull, R. (1984). Les étapes de la gymnastique au sol et aux agres en France et dans le monde [Gymnastics stages on apparatus and floor in France and in the world]. France: Fédération Française de Gymnastique.

  • Biklen, S. & Bogdan, R. (1992). Qualitative research for education (2nd ed.). Massachusetts, USA: Simon & Schuster.

  • Burgess, R. (Ed.). (1982). Field research: A sourcebook and field manual. London, Great Britain: Allen & Unwin.

  • Congreso Nacional de Ecuador. (1990). Ley de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación [National law for physical education, sport and leisure]. Ecuador: Author

  • Ecuador and Olympism. (1982, Aug/Sept). Olympic Review, 178/179, 497- 501.

  • Europa Publications Limited. (1999). The Europa world of the year: Volumes I and II. Surrey: Unwin Brothers Limited.

  • Federación Ecuatoriana de Ecuador (2000, April 17). Estadística de gimnastas, entrenadores y jueces [Gymnasts, coaches and judges statistics].

  • Federación Ecuatoriana de Gimnasia. (1997). Proyectos de Estatutos de la Federación Ecuatoriana de Gimnasia [Ecuador Gymnastics Federation status projects].

  • Galeano, E. (1995). Las venas abiertas de America Latina [The open veins of Latin America] (64th ed.). Bogota, Colombia: Tercer Mundo Editores.

  • Heinilä, K. (1989). International competition as a test of athletic performance - Overt and covert validity. In F. Fu, M. Ng & M. Speak (Eds.), Comparative physical education and sport volume 6 (pp. 193-198). Hong Kong: Physical Education Unit: The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

  • Hitchcock, G. & Hughes, D. (1995). Research and the teacher: A qualitative introduction to school-based research (2nd ed.). Cornwall, London: Routledge.

  • López de D’Amico, R. (2000). Organisation and regulations in national sport bodies: A comparative study in artistic gymnastics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Sydney, Australia.

  • López de D’Amico, R. & O’Brien, C. (2000). Gymnastics and globalisation: In spite of the cultural differences. Paper presented at the 12th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport. Manuscript submitted for publication. University of the Sunshine Coast - Australia.

  • Patton, M. (1987). How to use qualitative methods in evaluation. California, USA: SAGE Publications.

  • Paz, J. & Merino, M. (1980). Sport and physical education in Ecuador. In W. Johnson (Ed.), Sport and physical education around the world (pp. 183-196). Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing Company.

  • Reed Business Information. (1999). The international year book and the statesmen’s who’s who (47th ed.). United Kingdom: Reed Business Information Ltd.

  • Whitaker, J. (1999). Whitaker’s Almanack (132 ed.). London: J. Whitaker & Sons.

| Inicio |

Another articles English

http://www.efdeportes.com/ · FreeFind

revista digital · Año 8 · N° 48 | Buenos Aires, Mayo 2002  
© 1997-2002 Derechos reservados